Three hundred events in more than 50 countries will mark this year's World Sight Day, Oct. 8.
Obstetrics-Gynecology & Women's Health
The hygiene hypothesis suggests that smaller family sizes as well as the use of antibiotics and vaccines has led to an allergy epidemic. Probiotics could reverse that epidemic and reduce the risk of developing atopic diseases and, potentially, nasal and ocular symptoms of respiratory allergies.
Las Vegas—Results of a cross-sectional study demonstrate there is good agreement (~85%) between the evaluation of the optic nerve head structure using the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph (HRT II, Heidelberg Engineering) and results of multifocal visual evoked potential testing (mfVEP; AccuMap, ObjectiVision, Sydney, Australia) in identifying normal and glaucomatous eyes as well as statistically significant topographic associations between many HRT parameters and the amplitudes of mfVEP waves on the corresponding opposite hemisphere, reported Omar S. Punjabi, MBBS, at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Las Vegas–Relatively little evidence exists that imaging technologies can detect change over time, although based on the resolution and reproducibility, they probably can do so, said Christopher Bowd, PhD, during a Glaucoma Subspecialty Day presentation here at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Pittsburgh—The Glaucoma Probability Score (GPS), the new mathematical model featured in the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph 3 (HRT3, Heidelberg Engineering) software, eliminates subjective operator input in defining the optic disc margin and performs comparably to the HRT II in discriminating between healthy and glaucomatous eyes, according to a study undertaken by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh.
Successful long-term management of glaucoma requires a full spectrum of tools. These may include new technologies and pharmaceutical agents as well as interventional approaches involving laser or surgical therapy.
This year's scientific program includes more than 500 peer-reviewed courses.
Palo Alto, CA—Darius Moshfeghi, MD, pediatric retina specialist at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Palo Alto, CA, and one of just a few physicians in California's Bay Area trained to diagnose retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), is using technology to bring his expertise to premature babies without having to travel to see them.
Fort Lauderdale, FL—Multifocal visual evoked potentials (mfVEP) and standard automated perimetry (SAP) perform in a similar manner in eyes with high-risk ocular hypertension or early glaucoma, according to a comparison study. However, agreement between the two techniques reached only 80%, suggesting that they detect different defects in some cases, said Brad Fortune, OD, PhD, associate scientist, Discoveries in Sight, Devers Eye Institute, Portland, OR.
Fort Lauderdale, FL—Significant differences in optic disc topography exist between ethnic groups, according to the results of a study analyzing parameters measured with confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (CSLO) among subjects with European, subcontinent Indian, and African-American ancestries.